Asiaone Population Census

Highlights From Population Census: Married Couples Having Fewer Babies, Population Growth Slowest Since 1965

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Currently, Singapore has the slowest population growth since its independence in 1965, not just more people are choosing to stay single but also those who are married are having fewer babies.

The nation’s sixth census which is done every 10 years is finding key trends on the changes. Singapore’s current population rose from 5.077 million to  5.686 million in 2020, according to an Asiaone Singapore report.

Ageing Population

Over the past 10 years, the population is ageing, a trend that has a significant impact on the economy. Singaporean residents who are 65 and older constitute 15.2 per cent of the nation’s population in 2020, a clear increase from 9 per cent in 2010.

Over the same period, the old-age dependency ratio – or the number of residents aged 65 and more per 100 residents aged 20 to 64 – climbed from 13.5 to 23.4.

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More People Are Staying Single

There is also a trend in the findings that imply the continuous growth of population and the rise of the number of single people traversing all age groups these past 10 years. There is a significant increase in particular in Singaporeans that are aged 25 to 34 years old.

The single men who are aged 25 to 29 years old have a significant rise from 74.6 per cent to 81.6 per cent. For women, on the other hand, there is an increase from 54 to 69 per cent in women who stay single.

Those Who Are Married Are Having Fewer Children

Women who are far more educated usually have fewer babies than those who are less educated.

From 2.02 in 2010 to 1.76 in 2020, the average number of children born per resident woman aged 40 to 49 years who had ever been married declined.

Within this age group, women with a bachelor’s degree had an average of 1.66 children in 2020, down from 1.74 children ten years previously and 1.95 in 2000.

Singaporeans Have a Higher Level of Education

There is also an increase in the number of educated people in the Singaporean population. Of the residents who are aged 25 and above, six over 10 residents have received post-secondary or college-level education.

The Chinese, Malay and Indian residents have all received improvements in their population. For residents who are aged 55 years and older, there is an increase of higher-level educated people in men with 34 percent compared to women’s 22.8 per cent.

The general literacy rate among residents remained relatively high, English remained the language most spoken at home for 48.3 per cent. Singapore remains a multilingual country with English as its primary language while other languages are also being spoken within the cultural communities and in Singapore pools

More People Who Aren’t Religious

In 2020, among the citizens who are 15 years and above, 31.1 percent classified themselves as Buddhists, 8.8 percent as Taoists, 18.9 percent as Christians, 15.6 per cent as Muslims and 5 percent as Hindus.

Even if Singapore remains as diverse in religion, there is a significant increase of residents who identified themselves as having no religion with 20 per cent in 2020 compared to 15 per cent in 2000. 

At a media briefing, Indranee Rajah, Minister in the Prime Minister’s office stated that the census demonstrates that Singapore has remained a multiracial, multilingual and multi religious state. 

“Singaporeans who wish to start and raise families remain a priority because we want to grow the Singapore population, the Singapore core. At the same time, we have to supplement our population with some immigration because we also need to support our economy. But that has to be very carefully calibrated,” she said.

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